The island of New Guinea
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According to various studies, Papuan people, other Melanesians, and Aboriginal Australians are the only known modern humans whose prehistoric ancestors interbred with the Denisova hominin, with whom they share 3 – 5% of their genome.
Yñigo Ortiz de Retez was the man who gave the name of New Guinea, referring to the similarities of the indigenous people’s appearance with the natives of the Guinea region of Africa.
Whatever the origin of the name Papua, it came to be associated with Halmahera, which was known to the Portuguese by this name during the era of their colonization in this part of the world.
The Australians and Polynesians. Retrieved and adapted May, 2017 from http://realhistoryww.com/world_history/ancient/Misc/Americas/Australians_and_Polyn.htm