Future tenses

You will study three forms to talk about the future.


Future tenses

Major attractions in Florida

Instructions: Read about some attractions you will enjoy if you go to Florida.

"Florida beach", VM (2016), Wikimedia commons.

Major attractions in Florida include Walt Disney World and Islands of Adventure (Orlando), Universal Studios and Miami Sea Aquarium, as well as the night life (South Beach, West Palm Beach and Miami Beach). Fishermen and scuba divers will enjoy the warm waters of Key West or anywhere on the coast.

Southwest Florida’s premier eco-tourism destinations offer peaceful beaches, world class boating, fishing, kayaking and sailing, as well as abundant nature explorations.

Getting started: Miami

Instructions: Read the text, then do the activity suggested.

Miami, officially the City of Miami, is the cultural, economic and financial center of South Florida. Miami is the seat of Miami-Dade County, the most populous county in the state. Tourism is one of the city’s largest industries. The city’s frequent portrayal in music, films, and popular culture has made the city and its landmarks recognizable worldwide. Some of its most popular tourist destinations include the beaches, South Beach, Lincoln Road, Bayside Marketplace and Downtown Miami. The Art Deco District in South Beach, is reputed as one of the most glamorous in the world for its nightclubs, beaches, historical buildings, and shopping.

Retrieved, and adapted, February, 2019, from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/miami#tourism_and_conventions

Instructions: Match the questions and answers.

where the movie “2 fast 2 furious” was filmed.Art Deco District.travel to Miami.

1. This vacation we are going to _______________

2. We are seeing the locations _______________

3. We will visit the glamourous _______________

Let’s study three different forms to express the future.

Instructions: Read about three forms to express the future.

We can use the Present Continuous, Be + Going to and the auxiliary Will to talk about the future.

  1. We can use the Present Continuous to talk about arrangements for events at a time later than now. There is a suggestion that more than one person is aware of the event, and that some preparation has already happened.

    Look at the examples:

    • Positive: I am leaving to London tomorrow.
    • Interrogative: Is your family going with you?
    • Negative: We are not visiting any relatives.

  2. We can also express the future with the auxiliary verb Will when:

    1. We make a promise or express an intention or voluntary action. The intention can be negative, when we refuse to do something.


      • Interrogative: Will you make some coffee?
      • Negative: She won’t do it alone.
    2. We make a prediction about the future.


      • Positive: I will be very busy on weekend.
      • She will love this present.
    3. We are not sure about the future. In this case, we use Will with expressions like ‘I hope’, ‘I think’, ‘possible’, ‘probably’.


      • Positive: I hope she’ll come.
      • I think we will get along well.
    4. Express an order or prohibition.


      • Negative: You will not leave until you are finished.
      • Positive: You will do what I say!
  3. Be + Going to is used:

    1. To express a plan or decision.


      • Positive: Tomorrow, I am going to take her to the movies.
      • Interrogative: Are you going to start swimming lessons next week?
      • Negative: She isn’t going to meet him tonight.
    2. To express a certainty about the future based on evidence in the present:


      • Positive: They are going to have a baby in May!
      • Negative: It is sunny. It isn’t going to rain.



What happened?

Instructions: Rewrite the following sentences in the present continuous or with ‘going to’.

Be going to + verbBe + verb + ing
On Monday we're going to visit the aquarium. On Monday, .
On Tuesday, .On Tuesday, we're going snorkeling.
On Wednesday, we're going to make a boat trip.On Wednesday, .
On Thursday, .On Thursday, we're resting by the pool.
On Friday, we're going to take a fishing tour.On Friday,
On Saturday, .On Saturday, we're taking the plane home.
done Check


What’s the difference?

Instructions: Read each pair of sentences. Then complete the explanation choosing the correct words.

  1. They are going to have a baby.

    Expresses a certainty/promise while

  2. They will have a baby boy.

    Expresses a prediction/decision.

  3. Tomorrow I’ll get up early.

    Expresses a certaint/promise while

  4. Tomorrow I’m going to get up early.

    Expresses a refusal/decision.

  5. I won’t do it all by myself.

    Expresses a refusal/prediction while

  6. I’m not going to do it all by myself.

    Expresses a decision/refusal.

  7. Not a cloud in the sky. It’s going to be very hot.

    Expresses a prediction/certainty while

  8. It’ll probably be very hot today.

    Expresses a prediction/promise.

done Check


Going to New York

Instructions: Complete the dialogue with the most suitable form for the future tense.

  • A: Where you (go) on your next vacation?
  • B: We (go) to New York.
  • A: Where you (stay)?
  • B. We (stay) at the Hilton Inn.
  • A: Which places you (visit)?
  • B: We (visit) the Metropolitan Art Museum, the Rockefeller Center, the Statue of Liberty, The Empire State building and Central Park. Well, it (depend) on the time.
  • A: That sound’s great!
done Check