Present Perfect Continuous – Negative form

You will study the Present Perfect Continuous in the Negative form.


Present Perfect Continuous – Negative form

Canadian literature

Instructions: Read the text. Look at the letters in bold.

I haven’t been reading so much these days. What do you know about Canadian literature?

Well, Canadian literature is often divided into French- and English- language literatures, which are rooted in the literary traditions of France and Britain respectively. There are four major themes that can be found within historical Canadian literature: nature, frontier life, Canada’s position within the world, all three of which tie into the garrison mentality.This last theme include texts where characters are constantly looking outwards and building metaforical walls against the outside world. By the 1990s, Canadian literature was viewed as some of the world’s best.

Canada. Retrieved and adapted January, 2017.

Getting started: Canada’s ethnic and cultural diversity

Instructions: Read the following information to do the activity suggested.

Canada's ethnic and cultural diversity are reflected in its literature. One of the most known authors (especially since the death of Robertson Davies and Mordecai Richler) is Margaret Aywood, a prolific novelist, poet, and literary critic. Numerous other Canadian authors have accumulated international literary awards, including Nobel Laureate Alice Munro, who has been called the best living writer of short stories in English, and Brooker Prize recipient Michael Ondaatie, who is perhaps best known for the novel The English Patient, which was adapted as a film of the same name that won the Academy Award for Best Picture.

Canada. Retrieved and adapted January, 2017.

Canadian novels

Instructions: According to the text, match the two halves of the sentences.

have been accumulating international literary awardshave been adapting some Canadian novelshas been projecting Canada’s ethnic and cultural diversityhave been writing best sellers

1. Canadian literature ______________.

2. Most prominent modern Canadian writers ______________.

3. Numerous Canadian authors ______________.

4. Hollywood productions ______________.

Let’s find out about the Present Perfect Continuous in the Negative form.

Instructions: Look at the Present Perfect Continuous in the Negative form.

Remember: We use the Present Perfect Continuous to emphasize:

  1. The duration or course of an action. Example:

    Jacob has been playing the guitar for two hours.

  2. An action that recently stopped or is still going on. Example:

    Susan has been living here since last year.

  3. A finished action that influenced the present. Example:

    Those men have been working all day.

  4. That something is temporary. Example:

    We have been studying for the final exam.


Look at the word order in the negative form:

SubjectAuxiliary Have+not or Has+notBeenVerb + ingComplement
Ihave notbeenstudyingfor hours.
Angelhas notbeensinginga lot these days.
Alicehas notbeenworkingin the same project for days.
The girlshave notbeenplayingbasketball all morning.



Robertson Davies

Instructions: Change the following sentences to the negative form.

  1. Many people have been reading Robertson’s novels. .
  2. One of my classmates has been writing an essay about "The Toronto Trilogy”. .
  3. Our literature teacher has been talking about "The Cornish Trilogy". .
  4. Some people from Hollywood have been thinking to make a movie about “The voice of the people”. .
  5. I have been looking for "the Salterton Trilogy". .
done Check


Alice Ann Munro

Instructions: Drag and drop words to make negative sentences in the Present Perfect Continuous.

these daysMunroany short novelhasn’t been writing
hasn’t been talkingSheany project eitherabout
any new fictionPeoplefrom herhaven’t been reading
Reportersabout herhaven’t been writing
about herNobel Prize organizersnew workshaven’t been thinking


Michael Ondaatje

Instructions: Choose the right options in the following text.

Michael Ondaatje haven't been writing / hasn't been writing anything lately. He hasn't been producing / haven't been producing any films either. He hasn't been doing / haven't doing anything related to literature these days. He has been travelling a lot with a friend, but they haven't been gathering / hasn't been gathering any material for a new book. Canadians hasn't been waiting / haven't been waiting for a new novel.

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