Present Perfect Tense with Question Words

You will study the Present Perfect Tense with Question Words.


Present Perfect Tense with Question Words

Canadian culture

Instructions: Read the text. Look at the underlined words.

Why has Canadian culture been constitutionally protected?

Canada’s culture draws influences from its broad range of constituent nationalities, and policies that promote a “just society” are constitutionally protected. Canada has placed emphasis on equality and inclusiveness for all its people. Multiculturalism is often cited as one of Canada’s significat accomplishments, and a key distinguishing element of Canadian identity. In Quebec, cultural identity is strong, and many commentators speak of a culture of Quebec that is distinct from English Canadian culture. However, as a whole, Canada is in theory a cultural mosaic – a collection of several regional, aboriginal, and ethnic subcultures.

Canada. Retrieved January, 2017 from

Getting started: Political and cultural values

Instructions: Read the following information to do the activity suggested.

Canada’s approach to governance emphasizing multiculturalism, which is based on selective immigration, social integration, and suppression of far right politics, has wide public support. Government policies such as publicly funded health care, higher taxation to redistribute wealth, the outlawing of capital punishment, strong efforts to eliminate poverty, strict gun control, and the legalization of same-sex marriage are further social indicators of Canada’s political and cultural values. Canadians also identify with the country’s health care institutions, peacekeeping, the National park system and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Canada. Retrieved January, 2017 from

Health care and wealth redistribution

Instructions: Match questions to answers.

Health care and wealth redistributionOn selective immigration and social integrationMulticulturalism

1. What has Canada’s approach to governance emphasized? ______________.

2. How has multiculturalism been based? ______________.

3. Which government policies have been social indicators or Canada’s political and cultural values? ______________.


Let’s learn about the Present Perfect Tense with Question Words.

Instructions: Read about the Present Perfect Tense with Question Words.

Remember: We use the Present Perfect to:

  1. Express that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. Example:

    I have read Milton’s Paradise Lost.

  2. Describe experiences. Example:

    I have gone to Japan.

  3. Talk about changes that have happened over a period of time. Example:

    The government has become worse than ever.

  4. Say that an action that we expected has not happened. Example:

    Michael has not come yet.

Look at the word order in the Question Words:

Question WordAuxiliary Have or HasSubjectVerb in Past ParticipleComplement?Specific Answer
Whathaveyoustudiedfor two years?High school.
WherehasJaneworkedsince last year?In a bank.
WhathasDavidboughtrecently?A huge screen.
Whenhavethe boysgoneto England?Many times.



  • We use the auxiliary Have for I, we, you, they.
  • We use the auxiliary Has for he, she, it.


Canadian humour

Instructions: Fill in the gaps with the following question words


1. _______ has influenced Canadian people? They have been influenced by British, French, and aboriginal cultures.

2. _______ have they been influenced? Through their language, art and music.

3. _______ nationalities have added to the Canadian identity and its culture? African, Caribbean and Asian nationalities. 

4. _______ has been an integral part of the Canadian Identity? Canadian humour.

5. _______ have many Canadian comedians achieved international success in American TV and film industries? Because of their irony, parody, and satire.


Media sectors

Instructions: Uscramble the sentences to make questions:

media sectorsWhichCanadahave had developed
hasWhatCanada’s cultural outputovershadowed
has supportedthe preservation ofWhoa distinctly Canadian culture
cultural institutionsHow manyhave been createdCanadian
relevant international Canadian televisionWhichhasTV programsproduced


Canada’s culture draws

Instructions: Choose the right options in the following questions:

  1. What / Which Canada’s culture draws influences have been protected?
  2. On what / which has Canada placed emphasis?
  3. Why / Where has Multiculturalism been cited as one of Canada’s significat accomplishments?
  4. Where / When has Canadian identity been distinguished?
  5. Who / When has spoken about a different culture in Quebec?
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