Reported Speech in Present

You will study Reported Speech in Present.


Reported Speech in Present

Economy in Malaysia

The Petronas Twin Towers. Creative Commons.

Instructions: Read the text about the economy in Malaysia. Look at the words in bold.

Some people say that since its Independence, Malaysia has been one of the best economic records in Asia, with its GDP growing at an average of 5.6% per annum for almost 50 years. The economy has traditionally been fuelled by its natural resources, but is expanding in the sectors of science, tourism, commerce and medical tourism. Today, Malysia has a newly industrialised market economy, ranked third largest in Southeast Asia and 29th largest in the world. It is a founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the East Asia Summit and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and a member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the Non-Aligned Movement.

Malaysia. Retrieved and adapted May, 2016 from

Getting started: A developed country status

Instructions: Read the text. Then, do the activity suggested.

The Prime Minister of Malaysia, Mahathir Mohamad says his ideal is Malaysia to become a self-sufficient industrialised nation by 2020. It will need to develop an endogenous capacity in innovation, however, to reach its goal of becoming a high-income country by 2020. Najib Razak says Malaysia could attain developed country status much earlier from the actual target in 2020, adding the country has two program concept such as Government and the Economic Transportation Programme. According to a HSBC report, Malaysia will become the world’s 21st largest economy by 2050. Viktor Shvets, the managing director of Credit Suisse, says “Malaysia has all the right ingredients to become a develop nation”.

Malaysia. Retrieved May, 2016 from

Developed country status

Instructions: Match questions and answers:

In a HSBC report.Najib Razak.Mahathir Mohamad, Prime Minister of Malaysia.He says Malaysia has all the right ingredients to become a develop nation.An endogenous capacity in innovation.

1. Who says Malaysia may become a self-sufficient industrialised nation by 2020?


2. What does he say Malaysia will need to develop to reach its goal?


3. Who says Malaysia could attain developed country status much earlier?


4. Where can we find information about Malaysia’s world’s 21st largest economy by 2050?


5. What does Viktor Shvets has said about Malaysia?


Let’s study Reported Speech sentences in Present.

Instructions: Read about Reported Speech sentences in Present.

Direct Speech repeats or quotes, the exact words spoken.

When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks (“ “) and there is no change in these words. Examples:

My teachers says: “I am always in Malaysia during summer.”

A student says: “I am also in Malaysia during summer”


Reported Speech is when one person retells something someone else says.

In English we can use “that” or not. Examples:

My teacher says (that) she is always in Malaysia during summer.

A student says (that) he is also in Malaysia during summer.

If the verb “say” or “tell” is in the present tense, we just write 'He says' (or she says) and then the sentence:

  • Direct speech: I live in George Town.
  • Reported speech: She says (that) she lives in George Town.

We don't need to change the tense, but sometimes we need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she' or ‘he’. We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'.


Kuala Lumpur

Instructions: Read about Kuala Lumpur and put the sentences in the order the author mentions them. Place the numbers 1, 2, 3, or 4.

Kuala Lumpur is by far the largest urban area as well as the largest metropolitan area in Malaysia. Penang is the second largest city and urban area in Malaysia as well as second largest metropolitan in Malaysia while Johor Bahru is the third largest metropolitan in Malaysia. Other major cities with a population of more than 500,000 include Ipoh, Kajang, Kuching, and Kota Kinabalu. The following table shows the largest populated area within a local government area.

() He also tells us about other major cities with a population of more than 500,000.

() The author says Kuala Lumpur is at the largest urban area in Malaysia.

() He tells us Johor Bahru is the third largest metropolitan area in Malaysia.

() He says Penang is the second largest city in Malaysia.

done Check


Government Service tax

Instructions: Write the correct form of the verbs in parenthesis.

  1. Some people (say) that Malaysia growth in labour productivity and wages has been very slow.
  2. Academic research by the IMF and World Bank  (say) the country needs structural reform and endogenous innovation.
  3. Economists (tell) the government the currency fluctuations are very volatile.
  4. Government (say) it has step up measures to increase revenue.
  5. It also (tell) Malasyan people they will introduce a Government Service Tax at 6% rate to reduce deficits and meet federal debt obligations.
done Check


Monetary policy

Instructions: Correct the mistakes.

  1. Some people says that prior to the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the Malaysian ringgit was an internationalised currency. .
  2. Others tells currency was freely traded around the world. .
  3. Our Economy teacher tell us that just before the crisis, the Ringgit was traded RM2.50 at the dollar. .
  4. He also tell that due to speculative activities, the Ringgit fell to as much as RM4.10 to the dollar in matter of weeks. .
  5. Bank Negara Malaysia, the nation's central bank, tell it decided to impose capital controls to prevent the outflow of the Ringgit in the open market. .
done Check