Simple Present of To Be

You will study how to describe features, states or feelings using simple present of verb To Be.

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Simple Present of To Be

Native Americans in the US

Instructions: Read the text and look at the underlined word.

American Indians are people descended from the Pre-Columbian indigenous population of the land within the US modern boundaries. These people were composed of numerous distinct tribes, bands, and ethnic groups. Many of them survive intact today as partially sovereing nations.

Since the end of the 15th century, the migration of Europeans to the Americas has led to centuries of population, cultural, and agricultural transfer and adjustment between Old and New World societies, a process known as the Columbian exchange.

At the time of first contact, the indigenous cultures were quite different from those of the proto-industrial and mostly Christian immigrants. Some of the Northeastern and Southwestern cultures in particular were matrilineal and operated on a more collective basis than the Europeans were familiar with. The majority of Indigenous American tribes maintained their hunting grounds and agricultural lands for use of the entire tribe. The differences in cultures between the established Native Americans and immigrant Europeans, as well as shifting alliances among different nations in times of war, caused extensive political tension, ethnic violence, and social disruption. “Nowadays, the Cherokee is the largest tribe with 819,000 individuals.”

Native Americans in the US. Retrieved and adapted December, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States

Getting started: Civilizing Native Americans

Instructions: Read the following text to do the activity suggested.

After the Thirteen Colonies revolted against Great Britain and established the United States, President George Washington and Henry Knox conceived the idea of ‘civilizing’ Native Americans in preparation for assimilation as US citizens. Assimilation (voluntary or forced) became a consistent policy through American administrations. During the 19th century, the ideology of Manifest Destiny became integral to the American nationalist movement. Expansion of the European-American populations to the west after the American Revolution resulted in increasing pressure on Native American lands, warfare between the groups, and rising tensions.

Over time, the United States forced a series of treaties and land cessions by the tribes and established reservations for them in many western states. US agents encouraged Native Americans to adopt European-style farming and similar pursuits, but European-American agricultural technology of the time was inadequate for often dry reservation lands, lead in to mass starvation. In 1924, Native Americans who were not already US citizens were granted citizenship by Congress.

Native Americans in the US. Retrieved and adapted December, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States

Native Americans Today

Instructions: Match the sentences.

in war anymore.in western states reservations?US citizens.

1. Native Americans are _______________

2. The US and Native American aren’t _______________

3. Are Native Americans _______________

Let’s review the Simple Present of To Be.

Instructions: Look at the following information about the Simple Present of the verb To Be:

Remember: The verb To Be is used to describe features, states or feelings.

Look at the word order in the Positive form:

SubjectVerb To BeComplement.
Iamhappy.
Michaelisintelligent.
Aliceisnice.
The dogisoutside.
The boys and Iarein the classroom.
The girls and youaretired.
Abraham and Paularestudents.

 

Look at the word order in the Negative form:

SubjectVerb To Be + NotComplement.
Iam nota sad person.
Michaelis nota fool.
Aliceis notnoisy.
The dogis notbad.
The boys and Iare notin their house.
The girls and youare noton time.
Abraham and Paulare notfriends.

Let’s review the Simple Present of To Be.

Look at the word order in the Interrogative form and short answers for it:

SubjectVerb To BeComplement?Positive and Negative short answers
AmIlate for the class?Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t.
IsAngeloa student here?Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.
IsMichelleyour sister?Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.
Isthat dogyours?Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t.
Areyou allCollege students?Yes, we are. / No, we aren’t.
ArePeter and JamesIn the English class?Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

 

Look at the word order of Question Words with the verb To Be.

Question wordVerb To BeSubjectComplement?Answers
Whatisyour name? James.
Whereareyoufrom?Mexico.
Whenisyourbirthday?Next week.
Whyissheabsent?She’s sick.
Whichisyourbook?The blue one.
Whoisthatwoman?My mother.

Quiz

To Be

Instructions: Fill in the gaps with the appropriate form of the verb To Be.

Contemporary Native Americans members of nations, tribes, or bands with sovereignty and treaty rights. There a great political participation and indigenous languages preservation for younger generations to establish a greater cultural infrastructure. There also independent newspapers and online media, recently including First Nations Experience, the first Native American television channel, established Native American studies programs, tribal schools and universities, as well as museums and language programs.

There many terms used to refer to Native Americans: ‘Indians, American Indians, Indigenous or Aboriginal’. The term ‘Native American’ used by major newspapers and some academic groups, but ‘Native Hawaiians’ or some Alaskan Natives such as Aleut, Yup’ik or Inuit peoples not traditionally included.

done Check

Native Americans in the US. Retrieved and adapted December, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States

Quiz

Physical Characteristics of Native American

Instructions: Choose the best option.

Is / Are there a few things found out regarding Native Americans?

Yes, there is / are some. They have:

  • High cheekbones. 
  • Almond shaped almost oriental looking eyes. 
  • Heavy “fat” eyelids where the eyelid appears to have an extra fold. 
  • “Shovel” teeth, the teeth have a ledge on the backside. They feel almost like a shovel shape. 
  • Large front teeth with a slight or more than slight gap. (Used to have slight gap before teeth crowded from wisdom teeth.) 
  • Lack of the Carabelli cusp on the maxillary first molars (a little bump), which is missing in Native Americans. 
  • Large heavy earlobes.
  • An inverted breastbone. Often called a Chicken Breast. The bone actually makes an indentation in the chest.
  • Little toes that lie under the next one. 
  • A second toe which is / are longer than the big toe. 
  • A wider space between the big toe and second one. 
  • An extra ridge of bone along the outside of the foot. 
  • “Lingual nodes,” the two bony nodes that protrude from the jaw bone under the tongue. 
  • A pigmentation in the back of the eye on the retina peculiar to Native Americans. 
done Check

Physical Characteristics of Native American Heritage. Retrieved and adapted December, 2016 from http://www.ramblgyrl.com/2013/04/physical-characteristics-of-native-american-heritage/

Evaluation

Native Peoples of the US

Instructions: Correct the mistakes.

  1. There are "an apology to Native Peoples of the United States". .
  2. The apology are in the defense appropriations act. .
  3. The meaning of the apology are that US apologizes to all Native Peoples for past mistreatment, discrimination and violence. .
  4. Is there other acts related to this apology? ?
  5. The Violence Against Women Act are extended to Indian Country. .
done Check
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