Alcohol prohibition in the US
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Prohibition in the United States used to be a nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933. It was promoted by the “dry” crusaders, a movement led by rural Protestants and social Progressives in the Prohibition, Democratic, and Republican parties. It gained a national grass roots base through the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. After 1900 it used to be coordinated by the Anti-Saloon League. Prohibition was mandated in state after state, then finally nationwide under the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in 1920. Enabling legislation, known as the Volstead Act, set down the rules for enforcing the ban and defined the types of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited. For example, religious uses of wine were allowed. Private ownership and consumption of alcohol were not made ilegal under federal law; however, in many areas, local laws used to be stricter, with some states banning possession outright. In the 1920´s the laws were widely disregarded, and tax revenues were lost. Their opposition mobilized and nationwide prohibition ended with the ratificaction of the Twenty-First Amenment, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, on December 5, 1933. Some states continued statewide prohibition.
Prohibition in the United Stated. Retrieved and adapted January, 2017 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prohibition_in_the_United_States#/media/File:Detroit_police_prohibition.jpg