Was / Were going to

You will study Was / Were going to.


Was / Were going to


Instructions: Read the text. Look at the words in bold.

I was going to talk about India, but at the end I decided to talk about Namibia.

Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, and formerly German South-West Africa and then South West Africa, is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean. It shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east. Although it does not border Zimbabwe, less that 200 metres of the Zambezi River separates them at their closest points. It gained Independence from South Africa on 21 March 1990, following the Namibian War of Independence. Its capital and largest city is Windhoek. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Namibia. Retrieved and adapted December, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namibia

Getting started: Some Namibia history

Instructions: Read the text. Then do the activity suggested.

The dry lands of Namibia were inhabited since early times by San, Damara and Namaqua, since about the 14th century AD by immigrating Bantu. Most of the territory became German Imperial protectorate in 1884 and remained a German colony until the end of World War I. In 1920, the League of Nations mandated the country to South Africa, which imposed its laws and, from 1948, its apartheid policy. The port of Walvis Bay and the offshore Penguin Islands had been annexed by the Cape Colony under the British crown by 1878 and had become an integral part of the new Union of South Africa at its creation in 1910.

Uprisings and demands by African leaders led the UN to assume direct responsibility over the territory. It recognized the South West Africa People’s Organisation (SWAPO) as the official representative of the Namibian people in 1973. Namibia, however, remained under South African administration during this time as South-West Africa. Following internal violence, South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1985. Namibia obtained full independence from South Africa in 1990, with the exception of Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands, which remained under South African control until 1994.

Namibia. Retrieved and adapted December, 2016 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Namibia

True or False?

Instructions: Choose True (T) of False (F) for the following sentences.

Namibia was a former German colony.

Namibia was under the rule of South Africa.

The UN recognized the SWAPO in 1973.

South Africa installed an interim administration in Namibia in 1987.

South Africa had control over Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands until 1993.

Let’s learn about was / Were going to.

Instructions: Read about Was / were going to.

We use was/were going to talk about plans we made in the past which didn’t happen, or won´t happen in the future.

Example: We were going to Namibia last year, but I got sick.

We form was/were going to expressions as follows:

was/were + going to + simple form of the verb

Examples: I thought you were going to travel abroad last year.



Early Evidence of Human Habitation

Instructions: Complete the following sentences with the appropriate form of the verb in parenthesis.

Some people thought a wide variety of rock paintings dating from about 29,000 to 1,500 years ago were going to (be) the most persistent evidence of early human habitation in Namibia, but there are other evidences about it. Some other people said the Bantu-speaking communities were going to (appear) in the north between 2,000 and 1,500 years ago, but there were the Khoisan speaking people the first to arrive.

It is said that clans of Nama-speaking tribes calling themselves Orlams were going to (move) into Namibia prior to European annexation, but they escaped from colonial oppression at the Cape of Good Hope. These tribes moved into Namibia with guns and mounted soldiers and spread through the south to areas north of present day Windhoek, thus becoming the first conquerors of large parts of Namibia.

The strongest group of the Orlam was the Afrikaner clan under the leadership of Jonker Afrikaner, a man who was to become the dominant figure in the south and centre of the country after his alliance with the Herero chief Tjamuaha. People thought after the death of the two leaders in 1861 there was going to (be) a pacific power transition, but internal dissent amongst the feuding Herero and Nama clans led to continuous warfare between Tjamuaha's successor, Maherero and Jonker Afrikaner's successor, Jan Jonker Afrikaner.

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Languages Spoken in Namibia

Instructions: Fill in the gaps with the correct form of the verb in parenthesis.

Lingüistics thought English was going to (be) the only spoken language in Namibia. Although it is the official language, Namibia's relatively small population is extraordinarily diverse in language and culture.  Language scholars believed more than 11 languages were going to (be) indigenous to Namibia but with its cosmopolitan society, languages from around the world are spoken in Namibia.  Namibian people believed they commonly were going to (speak) only one language but they speak two or three languages and more than 49% of the population speaks Oshiwambo.  Due to the country's colonial history Afrikaans, the language of the previous South African occupiers, which Namibians believed were going to (change), is still widely spoken and functions as the lingua franca in Namibia.  Namibia has two small groups of nomadic groups; the Khoisan speaking people, known as the Bushmen or San and the Ovahimba people, figuratively known as the red people.

Indigenous languages that people thought were going to (disappear) are included in the school syllabus at primary level.  From secondary level English is the medium of instruction.  Among European languages spoken in Namibia are German, Portuguese, Spanish and French.  According to the 2011 census figures the main indigenous languages are:

● Oshiwambo spoken by 49% of households

● Nama/Damara spoken by 11% of households

● Afrikaans spoken by 10% of households

● Kavango spoken by 9% of households; and

● Otjiherero spoken by 9% of households.

Languages spoken in Namibia. Retrieved and adpted February, 2016 from http://www.gov.na/languages-spoken

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Instructions: Fill in the gaps with the appropriate form of “was/were going to”.

Namibia was colonized by Germany and South Africa and be named Südwestafrika or South West Africa. Those who opposed colonial rule preferred Namibia, from a Nama/Damara word meaning "shield" used for the coastal desert, the Namib, which long protected the interior from access by sea. During the colonial period, indigenous people be considered as part of the new nation, but many of them were dispossessed of their lands and relegated to reserves established for each ethnic group. The emphasis on ethnicity was opposed by growing nationalist sentiment, and Namibia became a unitary nation-state when it gained independence in 1990.

Retrieved and adapted from http://www.everyculture.com/Ma-Ni/Namibia.html#ixzz3yyFT1QNp

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