Wish for the past

You will study how to phrase wishes about situations and decisions in the past.


Wish for the past

Massai people

Imagen: Maassai tribe. Creative Commons.

Instructions: Read the text. Look at the underlined words.

The Maasai are a Nilotic ethnic group inhabiting northern Tanzania.

They are among the best known local populations due to their residence near the many game parks of the African Great Lakes, and their distinctive customs and dress. The Maasai speak the Maa language, a member of the Nilo-Saharan family that is related to Dinka and Nuer. They are also educated in the official languages of Tanzania, Swahili and English. I wish the Maasai hadn’t reduced its population, which has been decreasing in number.

Maasai people. Retrieved and adapted July, 2017 from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maasai_people


Getting started: Maasai history

Instructions: Read the text. Then do the activity suggested.

Maasai society

The central unit of Maasai society is the age-set. One rite of passage from boyhood to the status of junior warrior is a circumcision ceremony performed without anaesthetic. In modern times, boys living close to towns with doctors may endure the ceremony in safer conditions, but still with anaesthetic because they must endure the pain that will lead them to manhood. One myth about the Maasai is that each young man is supposed to kill a lion before he is circumcised. Lion hunting was an activity of the past, but it has been banned in Southeast Africa -yet lions are still hunted and young Maasai warriors who engage in traditional lion killing do not face significant consequences. Young women also undergo excision or female circumcision as part of an elaborate rite of passage called “Emuratare”. Uncircumcised women, even those highly educated members of parliament, can be accused of not being mature enough to be taken seriously. To others the practice of female circumsicion is known as female genital mutilation, and draws a great deal of criticism from both abroad and many women who have undergone it. It has recently been replaced in some instances by a “cutting with words” ceremony involving singing and dancing in place of the mutilation.

Maasai people. Retrieved and adapted, January 2019, from:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maasai_people

The Maasai

Instructions: Match the two halves of the sentences.

a) young Maasai women hadn’t been mutilated.

b) they had received anaesthesia in their rite of passage to manhood.

c) they had the “cutting with words” ceremony.

d) Maasai boys hadn’t experienced circumcision in unhygienic conditions.

e) Maasai young warriors hadn’t been forced to kill lions.

1. World health organization wishes

2. Maasai feminist activist like Agnes Pareyio wishes

3. Ecologist organisations wish

4. Maasai men wish

5. Maasai older women wish

done Check

Let’s study Wish for the past.

Instructions: Read about Wish for the past.

We use the past perfect to talk about wishes for the past. Look at the word order:

I wish I had studied Swahili when I was at school.

Melvin wishes he had saved money for travelling to Tanzania.

They wish they hadn’t spent so much money last vacation.


The Maasai in Tanganyka

Instructions: Complete the sentences with Wish and the proper form of the verb in parenthesis.

1. The Maasai they (reach) their territory before the 19th century.

2. They it (cover) all the Great Rift Valley.

3. I they (come) up to all Tanzania.

4. Some people they (use) more than spears and shields.

5. Some others they (not throw) clubs (orinka).

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Instructions: Drag and drop the following expressions into the appropriate blanks.

hadn’t perishedhadn’t coincidedhadn’t been marked

Tanzanian people wish the period of expansion ___________ by epidemics of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, rinderpest, and smallpox. They also wish the 90 percent of cattle and half of wild animals ___________ from rinderpest. German doctors in the same area claimed that "every second" African had a pock-marked face as the result of smallpox. Some others wish this period ___________ with drought.


The Maasai in the 19th century

Instructions: Write sentences with the following prompts and the missing form of wish.

1. The Austrian explorer Oscar Baumann / the Maasai women / waste / to skeletons in the late 19th century. .

2. Some people /warriors / not face / the madness of starvation. .

3. I / two thirds of the Maasai / die / two centuries ago. .

4. The Maasai / their lands / not be / reduced by 60 percent. .

5. They also / they / not be / displaced from the fertile lands. .

done Check